李沧| 信丰| 长白| 涿鹿| 普宁| 华坪| 青田| 宿豫| 内乡| 镇远| 祁阳| 蛟河| 台前| 称多| 泾县| 成县| 河口| 凤凰| 泾川| 渭南| 李沧| 紫阳| 阿克陶| 滦平| 桂平| 鹰潭| 仁寿| 新津| 昭通| 鄂托克前旗| 西峰| 承德市| 日照| 凤县| 栾川| 桐梓| 肥东| 丰顺| 忻州| 井陉矿| 平乐| 张北| 巴马| 隆回| 绥江| 玛纳斯| 庐山| 中宁| 康县| 镶黄旗| 香河| 揭阳| 兰坪| 卫辉| 平潭| 吉利| 塔河| 鄂尔多斯| 上犹| 田阳| 阜宁| 承德县| 汝南| 磁县| 泸西| 多伦| 岗巴| 蔚县| 雅江| 巴马| 宜昌| 四平| 昆明| 神农架林区| 黎平| 闽清| 天长| 滑县| 通化县| 融安| 邵阳县| 乌拉特中旗| 玉屏| 珲春| 临颍| 西藏| 武城| 晋州| 玛多| 周村| 博爱| 融水| 赤水| 安塞| 内黄| 旬阳| 美溪| 景泰| 衡阳市| 兴海| 赤壁| 黄石| 莒县| 两当| 松江| 华坪| 奉化| 贵南| 邹平| 安图| 陕西| 土默特右旗| 曲阜| 云阳| 富蕴| 黟县| 福州| 巴彦淖尔| 易门| 奉贤| 黔江| 龙胜| 明光| 烈山| 巍山| 灵石| 西盟| 盈江| 和龙| 鄂尔多斯| 遂平| 江安| 大庆| 绥化| 南皮| 寿光| 全椒| 龙陵| 涞水| 北仑| 抚顺市| 高台| 祁东| 广安| 始兴| 珠海| 武宣| 夏河| 丽水| 池州| 邢台| 南票| 武都| 米林| 涞水| 石柱| 莱州| 法库| 龙川| 贵南| 盐都| 句容| 徐闻| 明溪| 宜宾市| 盈江| 临西| 柳河| 景德镇| 新邱| 泊头| 仙游| 绥阳| 杜尔伯特| 扬中| 石景山| 雷山| 靖州| 鸡泽| 泾阳| 缙云| 冷水江| 青田| 沅陵| 阿荣旗| 徐水| 哈密| 泰来| 长乐| 丽水| 浚县| 且末| 临西| 江城| 北宁| 新乐| 特克斯| 乾安| 蒙自| 富锦| 防城港| 定州| 河源| 林周| 衡阳县| 歙县| 峨眉山| 建始| 额尔古纳| 中宁| 永吉| 宾阳| 清涧| 宜君| 坊子| 松桃| 九江市| 安多| 华池| 新源| 马祖| 昭觉| 黄岩| 寻乌| 兰州| 彝良| 惠阳| 澳门| 玉树| 湘潭县| 武都| 濠江| 威信| 桃源| 木里| 定结| 苏尼特左旗| 秦安| 苏尼特右旗| 武隆| 黄骅| 玉林| 昌乐| 萍乡| 吴堡| 山阴| 孟连| 沁水| 班玛| 洪泽| 安仁| 崇仁| 黟县| 嘉荫| 崇州| 通海| 塔河| 盐池| 南平| 武强| 台儿庄| 滁州| 辽阳县|

网络文化经营许可证 粤网文〔2015〕2096-440号

2019-10-20 22:32 来源:中国经济网陕西

  网络文化经营许可证 粤网文〔2015〕2096-440号

  这样,国家对公私合营企业可以按照社会主义的原则进行生产管理,与国营企业基本上没有什么不同。邓小平指出:“我们一定要经常教育我们的人民,尤其是我们的青年,要有理想。

中投曾经犯的错误,其实与A股市场上一些中小股民犯的错误差不多,即踏错了国际市场的脚步。EditorsNote:ChinasexpandingdiplomaticinfluencecallsforcontinuedacademicsupportofChinaharacteristics,whatisitssignificancetoChinaandtheworldMorethan80Chinesescholarsfromkeyuniversitiesandinstitutesofferedtheirinsightsataforumthemed"Major-countrydiplomacywithChinesecharacteristicsinnewera,"orga,DeanoftheSchoolofInternationalRelations,BeijingLanguageandCultureUniversityHowshouldweinterpretmajor-countrydiplomacywithChinesecharacteristicsInmyview,itisamanifestationoftheStatediplomaticsystemundertheleadershipoftheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC).TheimportanceoftheCPCsleadershiphasbeenfullydemonstratedintheprocessofChinaepost-warinternationalorderissubjecttochallenges,ourcountryneedsaleadershipcoreofwisdomialsignificancetorealizingChinastwocentenarygoals,Chinasdevelopmenaryidea,ionalrelationsandinsistedonequalityofcountriesregardlessoftheirsize,,ProfessorofCenterforNon-TraditionalSecurityPeacefulDevelopmentStudies,ZhejiangUniversityImplementingtheChina-proposedinitiativeneedsinnovatived,non-traditionalsecuritydiplomacyhasbecomeanincreasinglyimportantapproachtoimproveglobalgovernance,democr,ecologicalandresoupacethatspansAsia,EuropeandAfrica,wherenumeronationalidentities,dissolvedisputesofnationalinterestsandsolvecultural,munitycanbecreated,boostingChinasabilitytounderstand,tberealized,AssociateProfessorofInstituteofInternationalRelations,ChinaForeignAffairsUniversityChinassecuritycooperationwithnei,Chinasperipheraldiplomacyhasshiftedfromaneconomy-ledonetoonethatcombinespolitics,:theUS-ledalliancesystem,multilateralsecuritycooperationadoptedbyandChinasperipheralregions,forinstance,SouthAsia,CentralAsia,SoutheastAsia,thecoUingaperipheralsecuritycommunityChinaneedstoponderseveralquestions:forexample,theconceptofperipheralarea;aunifiedper,whichistoabandonwarandtheuseofforcewithallcountriessolvingconflictsthroughpeacefulmeans.

  ZhiZhenfeng,associateresearchfellowattheInstituteofLaw,ChineseAcademyofSocialSciencesThelogicofChinesepoliticsrequiresanintegrationoftheCPC,asanomnipotentmechanism,isresponsibleformakinglaws,includingtheConstitution,,includingthetopCPCleadersandtheCPCorgans,,professorofHumanRightsatUtrechtUniversityanddirectoroftheNetherlandsSchoolofHumanRightsResearchTheimportanceattachedtohumanrights,especiallyintheareaofcriminallaw,eofcourtsandjudges,liketransferringthepaymentofjudges"shame"officialswhointerferewiththecourseofjusticeaswellastheauthorityoftheSupremePeoplesCo,theoptiontosetupsuchdistrictsisveryinnovativeandislikelytosolvepartoftheproblem..LiuHong,directorofNanyangCenterforPublicAdministrationatNanyangTechnologicalUniversityThemainchallengesincludehowtoestablishasystemicstructureofruleoflawcoveringallaspectsofpoliticalandsocialdevelopment,i,Chinahastoconsiderhowtoinstillgovernmentofficials,someofwhomareusedtotheideathatpowerisabovethelaw,withtheindispensablespirita,directorofResearchCenterofSocialGovernanceattheChineseAcademyofGovernanceLawsandregulationsarejustwordsonpaperiftheyarenzingthelaw,simmediateinterests,China,,professoranddirectoroftheHumanRightsStudiesCenterofthePartySchooloftheCPCCentralCommitteeChinasestablishmentoftheruleoflawcomplieswithaprChina,directoroftheCentrefortheStudyofGlobalisationandRegionalisation,UniversityofWarwickChinaseconomicmodelneedstobereformed,andsodoestherelationshipbetweenthePartyandthepeople,ecessary,andwehaveseensome,thoughstillfarfromcomplete,,,yofPennsylvaniaLawSchoolInChina,,ther,tyandStatepowerandacceptinglaw-mandatedou:,39,wasclearedofawrongsCourtoverturnedits1998guiltyverdictagainstShe,chargedwithkillinghiswife,,000yuan($113,830)’scasesparkedpublicawarenessforthen:XinhuaBillionaireLaiChangxingwassentencedtolifeforsmugglingandbriberyin“YuanhuaSmugglingCase”inmedia,thetrialmarkedanendtothesuccessfulrepatriationofwhowasoncedescribedasChina’:,formervice-chairmanoftheNationalPeoplesCongressStandingCommittee,wasexecutedoncorruptionbriberyin2000,thefirsthsCourtannouncedthesentenceonJuly31,2000,averdictapprovedbytheSupremePeople’scommitmenttoConstitutionalprinciplethat“thelawappliesequallytoallcitizens.”Photo:,ZhaoZuohai,57,wasreleasedin2010af’sadoptionoftheexclusionaryrule,whichholdsthatevidenceobtain,000($105,300),compensationiscalculatedac:,hHazardswasputintoeffectonMay9,2003–,resultinginitsspreadtoover20provincesandcities,includingBeijing,,China’shealthministerandMengXuenong,mayorofBeijing,weresackedonApril20,:mated300,000adverseeventsacrossChinain2008provedtobetheimpetusneededtopassthenation’,theSanluGroup,,ChinapasseditsFoodSafetyLaw,:mated300,000adverseeventsacrossChinain2008provedtobetheimpetusneededtopassthenation’,theSanluGroup,,ChinapasseditsFoodSafetyLaw,:llegalfundraisingforherenterprise,acasethatsparkedpublicde,founderoftheBenseHoldingGroupandpreviouslyoneofChina’srichestfemaleentrepreneurs,wassentencedtodeathin2009forcheatingsome380millionyuan($),andsentencedhertodeathwithatwo-yearreprieve(thesentencehasbeencommutedtolifeinprison).Thecasealsosolicitedpubliccriticismagainstthelegalsystem,arguing:XinhuaDengYujiao,21,wasclearedofmurderchargesin2009afte,atownshipcommerceofficial,,:tpetitioningforjusticeforher11-year-olddaughter,’ssentenceonAugust2,sCongressendedthereeducationthroughlaborsystem,whichhadbeenimplementedformorethan50years,onDecember28,sPoliticalConsultativeConferencewasissuedonSeptember21,heFirstPlenarySessionoftheFirstNationalPeople“ruleoflaw”legislationoccurredduringDengXiaoping’saddressatacentralworkingconferenceduringthethirdplenarysessionofthe11thCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChina.“Toensurepeoplesdemocracy,weshouldstrengthentheruleoflaw,”,officialsproposeda16-characterguidelinefornewlegislation:“Theremustbelawstogoby,thelawsmustbeobservedandstrictlyenforced,andlawbreakersmustbeprosecuted.”FrameworkestablishedThefourthrevisionofChina’sConstitutionbasedonapreviousversionenactedin1954wasadoptedonDecember4,1982,layingasolidfoundationforChina’,AdministrativeProceduralLaw,LaborContractLaw,PropertyLaw,CorporationLaw,EnterpriseBankruptcyLaw,werepassed,allofwhichprovidedthenecessaryframeworktoimplementChina’decidedtomake“ruleoflaw”“rulebylaw”waschangedto“ruleoflaw”.Newaddition“Ruleoflaw”fChina,“thefundamentalstrategyof‘ruleoflaw’beingfullyimplemented”wastreatedas“theimportantgoalofbuildingwell-offsocietyinanall-aroundway.”Humanrightsacknowledged“TheStaterespectsandsafeguardshumanrights”waswrittenintotheConstitution.‘WithChinesecharacteristics’WuBangguo,thenchairmanoftheNPCStandingCommittee,announcedthatthe“SocialistlegalsystemwithChinesecharacteristicshasbeenformed.”RulesredefinedDuringthe18thNationalCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChina,theroleofruleoflawwasredefinedas“thefundamentalwaytoruletheStateanddealwithpolitics.”SpurreddevelopmentDuringthethirdplenarysessionofthe18thCentralCommitteeoftheChineseCommunistParty,“promotingtheconstructionofruleoflaw”bmmitteeoftheChineseCommunistParty,theCPCCentralCommitteesdecisiononmajorissuesconcerningcomprehensivelyadvancingruleoflawwaspassed.历史虚无主义是树立正确历史观、民族观、国家观、文化观路上的最大“拦路虎”“绊脚石”,必须旗帜鲜明地反对。

  这或许可以解释为什么64名曾与韩国病患密切接触的隔离者尚未发现任何异常反应。当两岸越走越近,越走越亲的时候,内力的作用就会超过外力,如同当年的两德一样,内在力量突破国际势力的阻挡,完成国家统一、民族复兴、民生幸福的中国梦。

在理论创新中,一个重大创新就是“两个提升”,即把“三个自信”提升为“四个自信”,把中国特色社会主义内容由道路、理论体系、制度“三位一体”提升为道路、理论体系、制度、文化“四位一体”。

  从此,中华民族开始从最悲惨的境遇向着最光明的前途迈进。

  ZhiZhenfeng,associateresearchfellowattheInstituteofLaw,ChineseAcademyofSocialSciencesThelogicofChinesepoliticsrequiresanintegrationoftheCPC,asanomnipotentmechanism,isresponsibleformakinglaws,includingtheConstitution,,includingthetopCPCleadersandtheCPCorgans,,professorofHumanRightsatUtrechtUniversityanddirectoroftheNetherlandsSchoolofHumanRightsResearchTheimportanceattachedtohumanrights,especiallyintheareaofcriminallaw,eofcourtsandjudges,liketransferringthepaymentofjudges"shame"officialswhointerferewiththecourseofjusticeaswellastheauthorityoftheSupremePeoplesCo,theoptiontosetupsuchdistrictsisveryinnovativeandislikelytosolvepartoftheproblem..LiuHong,directorofNanyangCenterforPublicAdministrationatNanyangTechnologicalUniversityThemainchallengesincludehowtoestablishasystemicstructureofruleoflawcoveringallaspectsofpoliticalandsocialdevelopment,i,Chinahastoconsiderhowtoinstillgovernmentofficials,someofwhomareusedtotheideathatpowerisabovethelaw,withtheindispensablespirita,directorofResearchCenterofSocialGovernanceattheChineseAcademyofGovernanceLawsandregulationsarejustwordsonpaperiftheyarenzingthelaw,simmediateinterests,China,,professoranddirectoroftheHumanRightsStudiesCenterofthePartySchooloftheCPCCentralCommitteeChinasestablishmentoftheruleoflawcomplieswithaprChina,directoroftheCentrefortheStudyofGlobalisationandRegionalisation,UniversityofWarwickChinaseconomicmodelneedstobereformed,andsodoestherelationshipbetweenthePartyandthepeople,ecessary,andwehaveseensome,thoughstillfarfromcomplete,,,yofPennsylvaniaLawSchoolInChina,,ther,tyandStatepowerandacceptinglaw-mandatedou:,39,wasclearedofawrongsCourtoverturnedits1998guiltyverdictagainstShe,chargedwithkillinghiswife,,000yuan($113,830)’scasesparkedpublicawarenessforthen:XinhuaBillionaireLaiChangxingwassentencedtolifeforsmugglingandbriberyin“YuanhuaSmugglingCase”inmedia,thetrialmarkedanendtothesuccessfulrepatriationofwhowasoncedescribedasChina’:,formervice-chairmanoftheNationalPeoplesCongressStandingCommittee,wasexecutedoncorruptionbriberyin2000,thefirsthsCourtannouncedthesentenceonJuly31,2000,averdictapprovedbytheSupremePeople’scommitmenttoConstitutionalprinciplethat“thelawappliesequallytoallcitizens.”Photo:,ZhaoZuohai,57,wasreleasedin2010af’sadoptionoftheexclusionaryrule,whichholdsthatevidenceobtain,000($105,300),compensationiscalculatedac:,hHazardswasputintoeffectonMay9,2003–,resultinginitsspreadtoover20provincesandcities,includingBeijing,,China’shealthministerandMengXuenong,mayorofBeijing,weresackedonApril20,:mated300,000adverseeventsacrossChinain2008provedtobetheimpetusneededtopassthenation’,theSanluGroup,,ChinapasseditsFoodSafetyLaw,:mated300,000adverseeventsacrossChinain2008provedtobetheimpetusneededtopassthenation’,theSanluGroup,,ChinapasseditsFoodSafetyLaw,:llegalfundraisingforherenterprise,acasethatsparkedpublicde,founderoftheBenseHoldingGroupandpreviouslyoneofChina’srichestfemaleentrepreneurs,wassentencedtodeathin2009forcheatingsome380millionyuan($),andsentencedhertodeathwithatwo-yearreprieve(thesentencehasbeencommutedtolifeinprison).Thecasealsosolicitedpubliccriticismagainstthelegalsystem,arguing:XinhuaDengYujiao,21,wasclearedofmurderchargesin2009afte,atownshipcommerceofficial,,:tpetitioningforjusticeforher11-year-olddaughter,’ssentenceonAugust2,sCongressendedthereeducationthroughlaborsystem,whichhadbeenimplementedformorethan50years,onDecember28,sPoliticalConsultativeConferencewasissuedonSeptember21,heFirstPlenarySessionoftheFirstNationalPeople“ruleoflaw”legislationoccurredduringDengXiaoping’saddressatacentralworkingconferenceduringthethirdplenarysessionofthe11thCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChina.“Toensurepeoplesdemocracy,weshouldstrengthentheruleoflaw,”,officialsproposeda16-characterguidelinefornewlegislation:“Theremustbelawstogoby,thelawsmustbeobservedandstrictlyenforced,andlawbreakersmustbeprosecuted.”FrameworkestablishedThefourthrevisionofChina’sConstitutionbasedonapreviousversionenactedin1954wasadoptedonDecember4,1982,layingasolidfoundationforChina’,AdministrativeProceduralLaw,LaborContractLaw,PropertyLaw,CorporationLaw,EnterpriseBankruptcyLaw,werepassed,allofwhichprovidedthenecessaryframeworktoimplementChina’decidedtomake“ruleoflaw”“rulebylaw”waschangedto“ruleoflaw”.Newaddition“Ruleoflaw”fChina,“thefundamentalstrategyof‘ruleoflaw’beingfullyimplemented”wastreatedas“theimportantgoalofbuildingwell-offsocietyinanall-aroundway.”Humanrightsacknowledged“TheStaterespectsandsafeguardshumanrights”waswrittenintotheConstitution.‘WithChinesecharacteristics’WuBangguo,thenchairmanoftheNPCStandingCommittee,announcedthatthe“SocialistlegalsystemwithChinesecharacteristicshasbeenformed.”RulesredefinedDuringthe18thNationalCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChina,theroleofruleoflawwasredefinedas“thefundamentalwaytoruletheStateanddealwithpolitics.”SpurreddevelopmentDuringthethirdplenarysessionofthe18thCentralCommitteeoftheChineseCommunistParty,“promotingtheconstructionofruleoflaw”bmmitteeoftheChineseCommunistParty,theCPCCentralCommitteesdecisiononmajorissuesconcerningcomprehensivelyadvancingruleoflawwaspassed.所以,1956年我国进入的社会主义,实际上还只是社会主义的初级阶段1997年9月12日,江泽民在中国共产党第十五次全国代表大会上作《高举邓小平理论伟大旗帜,把建设中国特色社会主义事业全面推向二十一世纪》的报告。

  习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想,是一个系统完整、内涵丰富、思想深刻、逻辑严密、相互贯通的科学理论体系,蕴含一系列新理念新思想新观点,包括一系列重大理论创新、制度创新、实践创新。

    纪录片《筑梦路上》资料图片  2016年7月1日,是中国共产党成立95周年纪念日。ChinamayreconsiderNKpoliciesinvolvingSino-UStiesUSVicePresidentMikePencevisitsObservationPostOuellettewithhisdaughtersnearthetrucevillageofPanmunjomint:APTheUSandSouthKoreasaidonMondaythattheywouldtoleratenomoremissileornucleartestsfrom,withUSViceP,vowingtomoveaheadwiththeearlydeploymentofthemissiledefensesystem,andthatneithertheUSnorSouthKoreawouldtoleratefurthermissileandnucleartests,ReutersreportedonMonday."Justinthepasttwoweeks,theworldwitnessedthestrengtforcesoftheUSinthisregion,"Pencesaid,notingthattheUSNavystruckaSyrianairfieldwith59Tomahawkmissilesthismonth."PencewantedtodeliveramessagetoNorthKoreathatitwoulduseeverymeans,includingmilitaryones,tocrackdownonitsnuclearandrelatedfacilities,"LiuWeidong,aresearchfellowattheInstituteofAmericanStudiesoftheChinaAcademyofSocialSciences,toughestattitudesofar."TheUSal,"sforeignministrysaidonMondaythatChinawouldliketocooperatewithallparties,includingtheUS,torealizethedenuclearizationoftheKoreanPeninsulaandsafeguardregionalpeacethroughnegotiations."ButChinamayreconsidersomeofitspreviouspoliciesonNorthKoreawhenitinvolvesSino-USrelationsandthefutureimpactofNorthKoreasnucleartestsonChina,aswellasthedeploymentofTHAAD,"snucleartestshavetriggeredconcernamongChinesenetizens,,LiaoningProvincetoldtheGlobalTimes(DMZ)betweenNorthandSouthKoreaonMonday,Pencealsosaidthat"alloptionsareonthetabletoachievetheobjectivesandensurethestabilityofthepeopleofthiscountry,"and"therewasaperiodofstrategicpatience,buttheeraofstrategicpatienceisover."PencesremarkscameonedayafterNorthKoreatestedanunidentifiedmissileearlyonSundayfromthecoastalcityofSinpo,withthePentagonconfirmingthatithadfailed,snationalsecurityadviser,,indicatedonSundaythatTrumpwasnotconsideringmilitaryactionagainstNorthKoreafornow,evenasanuclear-poweredaircraftcarrierstrikegroupwasheadingfortheregion,Reutersreported."TheUSmilitarythreatmaybringatoughresponsefromNorthKorea,"LüChao,aresearchfellowattheLiaoningAcademyofSocialSciences,April24or25mightreflectNorthKoreaaryofthemilitarysfoundingonApril25,"apossibleoccasionforaprovocativeact.""IfNorthKorealaunchesanewroundofnucleartests,itwillgivetheUSanexcusetostrikeaswellascondemnationfromtheinternationalcommunityandoppositionfromChinaandRussia,"Lüsaid."PencerythreatsinresponsetoNorthKoreascontinuingnucleartests,",orsattheairporttoldtheGlobalTimesthatmorethaeSun,rvousespeciallyafterthemonitordisplayingboardinginformationsuddenlywentblankat4:lwaysdelayed,:Postedin:,NEWFOCUS

  该片说明了近代以来,在追求民族复兴的道路上,中国共产党的出现的确具有决定意义。

  章太炎曾说:“欲亡其族者,必先诬诋而灭其史。

  SuccessfullyliftinghundredsofmillionsofpeopleoutofpovertyisthemostremarkableachievementChinamadeduringits40yearsreformandopening-up,Australia,afluentMandarinspeakerandnowpresidentofAsiaSocietyPolicyInstitute,designatedhimselfasan"oldcadre"whohasstudiedChineselanguage,history,sprofoundchangesfromapoorcountrytotheworldoutofpovertyinthepastfourdecades,Ruddsaid,isanachievementthatshouldberecognizedandthumbedup."Povertyalleviationiseasytosay,butverydifficulttodo,"Ruddsaid,"ThisisthemostremarkableachievementofChina"AsregardsthecurrentUS-Chinatradedisputes,RuddsaidtheUnitedStatesproposedtariffsanctionagainstChinaisnotjustabouttheirtradedeficits,butalsoareflectionofAmericasanxietyoverChina,however,hasnowinners,Ruddsaid."Itiseasytostart,verydifficulttoend,betternotstartit,"Ruddsaid,"IhopetheUnitedStatesandChinacouldsolvetheirdisputesthroughnegotiation."AtradewarbetweenthetoptwolargesteconomiesintheworldwillbedestructivetobothChinaandtheUnitedStates,andoverall,totheglobalgrowth,SchooloftheUniversityofPennsylvaniatoattractbothChineseandAmericanpoliticalandbusinessscholarsandstudents.我渴望用脚步去丈量城市的距离,去感受,去体会。

  

  网络文化经营许可证 粤网文〔2015〕2096-440号

 
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农民工工作考核机制亟须健全 推动社会公平化

2019-10-20 11:31 | 光明日报 | 手机看国搜 | 打印 | 收藏 |评论 | 扫描到手机
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核心提示:只有建立健全考核评价机制,将考核结果与被考核者的晋升、工资分配、评先评优等挂钩,让考核者尽到责任、被考核者勇于担当,我国农民工权益维护工作才能真正见到成效,农民工的工作生活状况才能根本改善,切实助力我国现代化进程,推动实现社会公平正义与和谐稳定。

只有建立健全考核评价机制,将考核结果与被考核者的晋升、工资分配、评先评优等挂钩,让考核者尽到责任、被考核者勇于担当,我国农民工权益维护工作才能真正见到成效,农民工的工作生活状况才能根本改善,切实助力我国现代化进程,推动实现社会公平正义与和谐稳定。

国家统计局近日发布了《2016年农民工监测调查报告》(以下简称《报告》),对过去一年我国农民工多方面的状况进行了梳理和概括。《报告》分为6部分,包括农民工规模、分布及流向,以及基本特征、就业、权益保障、居住和社会融合,每一部分又进一步总结提出了三到四种评价意见,共计19条。经初步统计,这些评价意见中,正向13种,负向4种,中性2种,根据《报告》的评价意见,中国社会2016年的农民工工作总评分可计为76.48分。在充分肯定我国农民工生存和发展状况得以大幅改善的基础上,《报告》指出的问题与不足仍须重视。

在此,笔者想要以问题为导向,重点评述一下《报告》中的4种负向评价。

一是接受过技能培训的农民工比重小幅下降。《报告》显示,接受过农业和非农职业技能培训的农民工占32.9%,比2015年下降0.2个百分点。32.9%的培训率已不算高,比上年下降更为不乐观。“十三五”规划明确提出常住人口城镇化率达到56.1%的目标,作为城镇化首要目标人群的农民工,其素质和技能不能通过培训得到有效提高,将会严重影响城镇化的进程和成效。

二是农民工月均收入增速有所回落。《报告》披露,农民工月均收入3275元,比2015年增加203元,增长6.6%,增速比上年回落0.6个百分点。农民工月均收入虽仍处增势,但增长幅度不太符合社会预期。2016年我国国内生产总值增长6.7%,按照“十三五”规划“两同步”的要求,作为我国收入分配“提低”重点人群的农民工的收入增长,至少应该达到6.7%。而且根据党的十八大明确提出的“城乡居民人均收入2020年比2010年翻一番”的目标,农民工工资年增长率至少应该为7.2%。因此,农民工月均收入6.6%的实际增幅,与社会预期存在偏差,值得深思和进一步研究。

三是签订劳动合同的农民工比重下降。《报告》指出,2016年与雇主或单位签订了劳动合同的农民工比重为35.1%,比上年下降1.1个百分点。维护农民工合法权益,建立规范的劳动合同关系是关键。农民工远不及半数的劳动合同签订率实在太低,2016年更是不升反降,凸显了社会维权工作存在的短板和不足。

四是进城农民工的社会交往有待丰富。《报告》提出,进城农民工业余时间主要是看电视、上网和休息,分别占45.8%、33.7%和29.1%,选择上网和休息的比重分别比上年提高了2.7个和0.9个百分点。选择参加文娱体育活动、读书看报的比重分别为6.3%和3.7%,分别比上年下降0.8个和0.9个百分点;选择参加学习培训的比重仅为1.3%,与上年持平。不能有效地将农民工组织起来,使他们能够真正融入城市生活,是我国社会建设尤其是公共文化服务建设中的短板和薄弱环节,也将长期考验着我国的城市化和现代化进程,亟待尽快解决并提升。

《报告》中的4种负向意见评价,暴露了多个责任主体在涉及农民工工作多方面的不足,不少可归咎于企业责任的缺失,但也不乏政府的管理缺位。只有建立健全考核评价机制,将《报告》真正确立为考核标准,并将考核结果与被考核者的晋升、工资分配、评先评优等挂钩,让考核者尽到责任、被考核者勇于担当,我国农民工权益维护工作才能真正见到成效,农民工的工作生活状况才能根本改善,切实助力我国现代化进程,推动实现社会公平正义与和谐稳定。唯此,农民工监测调查这项早在2008年就建立的制度,才能真正实现其设计的初衷,真正发挥监测与评价的作用。

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